SR20DET

last updated Apr 29, 2011

From Wikipedia,

The SR20DET is part of the SR family of engines from Nissan.

It is a popular engine coming from a variety of Nissan cars, generally the Nissan Silvia and 180SX. It also came in the Pulsar GTI-R and the Nissan Bluebird. This engine replaced the CA18DE and CA18DET that originally powered the Silvia and 180SX. The CA18 was deemed too expensive to produce and no longer met Japanese emission standards, so it was replaced by the SR20. The SR, just like the out-going CA, was a turbocharged intercooled engine in top form. Nissan also produced a cheaper naturally aspirated version called the SR20DE. In the US and Canada, the Silvia and 180SX are both under the 240SX banner. USDM and Canada 240SX's come stock with the SOHC KA24E for earlier models, or the DOHC KA24DE for later models. Both are naturally aspirated engines producing 140hp and 155hp respectively. SR20DET engine swaps are becoming more commonplace due to the forced induction aftermarket additions available for the SR20DET.

The breakdown of the engine code is as follows:

  • SR - Engine Code
  • 20 - 2.0 Litres
  • D - Dual Overhead Cam
  • E - Electronic Fuel Injection
  • T - Turbocharged

 

Origins

The SR20DET was first produced in the U12 Nissan Bluebird 2000SSS Attesa in October 1989[1], possibly as Nissan's rally project. From 1990 through to 1994 it was used in the infamous Nissan Pulsar GTi-R (N14) however with a bigger T28 turbo. In both these cars the engine is aligned in an East/West fashion.

However the RWD Nissan Silvia and Nissan 180SX produced in 1991 were built with a North/South aligned SR20DET. Almost all of the 180SX's were released with the SR20DET.

The engine then went on to be used in the Nissan Avenir in 1995, the Nissan Rnessa in 1997 and the Nissan Liberty in 1999, although these models did not gain the cult status that the earlier produced models did.

Out of all the Nissan models produced with the SR20DET, the Silvia was the longest running model to use it. The S14 and S15 use a bigger turbo, the Garrett T28. Furthermore, the S15 Nissan Silvia Spec R trim level SR20DET used a T28 with a dual ball-bearing center cartridge, as opposed to a ceramic center cartridge that was present in the S14.

Valve Cover Colors

The colors of the valve covers seem to be related to the year the engine was released.

Color Model Years
Red S13/180SX/Bluebird/Pulsar 1989-1994
Black S13/180SX 1994-1998
Black S14/S15 1994-2002
Silver Avenir 1995-2001

S13 Black top - Came from 180sx's post 94 (Garrett T25G turbo)

S13 Red top - Came from S13 Silvia and 180sx pre 94 (Garrett T25G turbo)

S14 Black top - 94-98 Silvias - Variable Cam Timing aka VCT was introduced (Garrett T28 bush journal bearing turbo) Only the JDM engine came with a ball bearing turbo.

S15 Black top - 99-02 Silvias. (Garrett Ball Bearing T28 turbo and 6 speed transmission)

List of cars with the SR20DET

Japan

  • Nissan Bluebird
    • 2000SSS Attesa Limited - U12 - 1989 - Redtop - T25g
    • 2000SSS Attesa Limited - U13 - 91, 93 - Redtop - T25g
    • 2000SSS Attesa Limited - U13 - 1995 - Blacktop - T25g
  • Nissan Pulsar
    • GTi-R - N14 - 90-94 - Redtop - T28 w' Individual throttle body's
  • Nissan 180SX
    • All Models - S13 - 91-93 - Redtop - (T25)
    • All but Type G/Type S - S13 - 94-97 - Blacktop - (T25)
  • Nissan Silvia
    • K's - S13 - 91-93 redtop - (T25)
    • K's - S14 - 94-99 blacktop - (T28 w' VCT)
    • Spec R - S15 - 99-02 - blacktop - (T28 w' VCT and 6-Speed)
  • Nissan Avenir
    • GT Turbo Salut - W10 - 95, 97 - Silvertop T25G
    • GT4 - W11 - 98, 00-01 - Silvertop T25G
  • Nissan Liberty
    • Highway star GT4 - M12 - 99-00
  • Nissan R'nessa
    • GT Turbo - N30 - 97, 00

Europe

Nissan 200SX (S14) - 93-99 blacktop (without VCT)

Nissan Sunny 2.0 GTI-R (same as >) Nissan Pulsar GTi-R - 89-94 (UK Grey Imports) (T28 Individual throttle bodies)

Engine Specs

  • DOHC (Dual Over Head Cams), 16 Valves, Chain driven cam sprockets
  • Bore x Stroke of 86 mm x 86 mm
  • Displacement of 1998 cc (rounded to 2.0 liters)

Comparison Table

Car Engine Compression Power Torque Turbo Stock Boost Turbine Compressor

'89 U12 Bluebird Ltd

Redtop 8.5:1 150 kW (201 HP) @ 6000 rpm 202 ft·lbf @ 4000 rpm T-25      

'91-'95 U13 Bluebird Ltd

Redtop 8.5:1 154 kW (206 HP) @ 6000 rpm 202 ft·lbf @ 4000 rpm T-25      

'95-'97 W10 Avenir Salut

Silvertop 8.5:1 154 kW (206 HP) @ 6000 rpm 202 ft·lbf @ 4000 rpm T-25      

'97-'01 W11 Avenir GT4

Silvertop 8.5:1 169 kW (227 HP) @ 6000 rpm 202 ft·lbf @ 3600 rpm T-25      

'90-'94 N14 Pulsar GTi-R

Redtop 8.3:1 169 kW (227 HP) @ 6400 rpm 203 ft·lbf @ 4800 rpm T-28  

79 Trim, .86 A/R Housing

 

'91-'93 S13 Silvia, 180sx

Redtop 8.5:1 151 kW (202 HP) @ 6000 rpm 203 ft·lbf @ 4000 rpm T-25G 7psi

62 trim 53.8 mm .80 A/R housing

BCI-1

'94-'98 S13 180sx

Blacktop 8.5:1 151 kW (202 HP) @ 6000 rpm 203 ft·lbf @ 4000 rpm T-25G 7psi

62 trim 53.8 mm, .80 A/R housing

BCI-1

'95-'99 S14 Silvia, 200sx

Blacktop 8.5:1 162 kW (217 HP) @ 6000 rpm 203 ft·lbf @ 4800 rpm T-28  

62 trim 53.8 mm, .64 A/R housing, bush bearing

BCI-1 in T-04B housing

'99-02 S15 Silvia, 200sx

Blacktop 8.5:1 183 kW (245 HP) @ 6400 rpm 202 ft·lbf @ 4800 rpm T-28  

60 trim 60 mm, ball bearing, Inco turbine wheel

BCI-1 in T-04B housing

Other random facts

1990-1994 N14 Pulsar GTi-R

  • Compressor Flow: 33 lb/MIN

1991-1993 180SX, S13 Silvia

  • Throttle Body Bore: 60 mm
  • Turbo Type: 370/min Injector

1994-1998 S13 180SX

  • Throttle Body Bore: 60 mm
  • Turbo Type: 370/min Injector

1995-1999 S14 Silvia

  • Throttle Body Bore: 50 mm
  • Turbo Type: 370/min Injector



The information presented here are for informative purposes only and is presented as-is. We are not responsible for anything may happen as a result of the content presented on this page and cannot provide support for this content.